Incineration at the Old Midland Products Superfund Site, Ola, Arkansas

Site Name:

Old Midland Products Superfund Site


Ola, Arkansas

Period of

June 1992 - May 1993


Remedial Action


Chemical Waste Management, Inc.
ENRAC South Division
P.O. Box 579
Ola, AR 72853-0579

On-Site Incineration

- Solids pretreated with shredding, screening, and mixing with cement kiln dust
- Incineration system consisting of rotary kiln and secondary combustion chamber (SCC)
- Enclosed conveyor transported contaminated soil and debris to the unit
- Kiln temperature of 1,425°F, SCC temperature of 2,091°F
- Treated soil and debris (incinerator ash) discharged onto conveyors and taken to an ash storage area

Cleanup Authority:
CERCLA and State: Arkansas
- ROD Date: 3/24/88
- State-lead

SIC Code:
2491 (Wood Preserving)
Points of Contact:
Carlos Sanchez
U.S. EPA Region 6
1445 Ross Avenue
Suite 1200
Dallas, TX 75202
(214) 665-8507

Clark McWilliams
State of Arkansas
Department of Pollution Control
and Ecology
P.O. Box 8913
Little Rock, AR 72219
(501) 682-0850

Pentachlorophenol and polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons, and VOCs

- Benzo(a)anthracene, benzo(a)pyrene, benzo(k)fluoranthene, chrysene, fluoranthene, 2-methyl naphthalene, phenanthrene, benzene, toluene, trichloroethylene, xylene, and chloroform.
- PCP concentrations up to 5,900 mg/kg and PAH concentrations up to 38,000 mg/kg

Waste Source:
Disposal lagoons - wood preserving waste

Type/Quantity of Media Treated:
Sludge and Soil
- 102,000 tons of sludge and soil
- Moisture content: sludge - 43.6

Purpose/Significance of Application:
Initially, dioxins and furans were believed to be present in the soil. Later, concentrations of dioxins and furans were determined to be very low and none were in the form of 2,3,7,8-TCDD.

Regulatory Requirements/Cleanup Goals:
Destruction and Removal Efficiency (DRE) of 99.9999% for all constituents of concern as required by Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) incinerator regulations in 40 CFR part 264, subpart O.

- Monitoring and trial burn data indicate that all DRE and emission standards have been met
- Analytical data of residuals indicate that cleanup goals have been met

Between 1969 and 1979, the site operated as a wood preserving plant. Effluents from the treatment process containing PCP and PAHs were discharged to seven on-site lagoons. A series of inspections at the site were performed by the Arkansas Department of Pollution Control and Ecology and the U.S. EPA between 1981 and 1986. A Record of Decision (ROD) was signed March 1988, specified on-site incineration as the remedial technology for the sludge, soil, and sediments. Site cleanup goals and DRE standards were specified for constituents of concern.

On-site incineration began in June 1992 and was completed in May 1993. The treatment system consisted of a rotary kiln and an SCC. An enclosed conveyor moved the soil and debris to the kiln for treatment. Treated ash from the incinerator was discharged to a conveyor and conveyed to a collection area. During its period of operation, the incinerator processed 102,000 tons of sludge and soil. Incineration achieved the soil cleanup goals specified in the ROD.